Large scale energy storage in Uppsala, Sweden: an analysis of voltage fluctuations and a service stacked portfolio
Keywords:Distribution grid, Energy storage, Power quality, Service stacking, Voltage fluctuations
Extensive electrification has created an increased demand of electric energy and power. Congestion issues are expected to become more common as transmission and distribution grids reach their capacity limits. One of the regions in Sweden that has experienced this already is Uppsala. The distribution system operator, Vattenfall Distribution has initiated an R&D project that connects a 5 MW/20 MWh Li-ion battery energy storage system to temporarily ease the grid congestion. This study covers an analysis of grid voltage fluctuations using a largescale battery in a distribution grid. The power quality is examined at the 10 kV connection point of the storage, where voltage and power flow are presented. Also, an example of how value stacking may be implemented is illustrated by adding a secondary service during the year. The test results indicate no significant distortion of the voltage level at the measurement point during smooth ramping. It can be concluded that smooth ramping of the BESS has very low or no impact on the local power quality, and additional services should be provided during the year to create several revenue streams. Future studies could focus on fast ramping of the BESS and stacking services in an intra-season perspective.
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Copyright (c) 2022 Johannes Hjalmarsson, Karin Thomas, Cecilia Boström, A. Berlin, Fredrik Carlsson
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.